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1) Barrier Methods
The Male Condom
Male Birth Control Pill
The Female Condom
Diaphragm
Cervical cap
Contraceptive Sponge

2) Hormonal Methods
Implants (Norplant)
Shots (Depo-Provera)
Birth Control Pills
Chewable Birth Control Pill
Nestorone

3) IUDs (Intrauterine Devices)

4) Emergency Contraception
    New Emergency Contraceptive Ella


Depo-Provera


      Depo-Provera is an progestin contraceptive method wherein injections are administered every 3 months. It provides effective birth control by inhibiting ovulation as a result of suppressing FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) and LH (Luteinizing Hormone) levels, by the development of a more shallow endometrial lining and by promoting the development of very thick cervical mucus that is difficult for sperm to penetrate.
Depo-Provera is considered highly effective. Effectiveness in the first year is around 99.7%.
Usually, the first injection of Depo-Provera is administered during the first 5 days of the start of a menstrual cycle. Another injection is administered every 3 months onward.
There are certain health conditions that may interfere with the effectiveness of Depo-Provera or that may cause unwanted side effects. These should be discussed thoroughly with a doctor after taking a complete medical history, having a pap smear and testing for any sexually transmitted diseases.



Advantages of Depo-Provera

- Offers long term protection, requiring an injection once every 3 months
- No daily requirements to take a pill
- Enables spontaneous sexual activity
- Highly effective in preventing pregnancy

Disadvantages of Depo-Provera

- Irregular menstrual periods or spotting
- Menstrual periods stopping altogether
- Possibly Some weight gain







Visit the Reproductive Health Online website, sponsored by Johns Hopkins University for more information about reproductive health and birth control methods.




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