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1) Barrier Methods
The Male Condom
Male Birth Control Pill
The Female Condom
2) Hormonal Methods
Birth Control Pills
Chewable Birth Control Pill
3) IUDs (Intrauterine Devices)
4) Emergency Contraception
New Emergency Contraceptive Ella®
Depo-Provera is an progestin contraceptive method wherein injections are administered every 3 months. It provides effective birth control by inhibiting ovulation as a result of suppressing FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) and LH (Luteinizing Hormone) levels, by the development of a more shallow endometrial lining and by promoting the development of very thick cervical mucus that is difficult for sperm to penetrate.
Depo-Provera is considered highly effective. Effectiveness in the first year is around 99.7%.
Usually, the first injection of Depo-Provera is administered during the first 5 days of the start of a menstrual cycle. Another injection is administered every 3 months onward.
There are certain health conditions that may interfere with the effectiveness of Depo-Provera or that may cause unwanted side effects. These should be discussed thoroughly with a doctor after taking a complete medical history, having a pap smear and testing for any sexually transmitted diseases.
Advantages of Depo-Provera
- Offers long term protection, requiring an injection once every 3 months
- No daily requirements to take a pill
- Enables spontaneous sexual activity
- Highly effective in preventing pregnancy
Disadvantages of Depo-Provera
- Irregular menstrual periods or spotting
- Menstrual periods stopping altogether
- Possibly Some weight gain
Visit the Reproductive Health Online website, sponsored by Johns Hopkins University for more information about reproductive health and birth control methods.
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