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1) Barrier Methods
The Male Condom
Male Birth Control Pill
The Female Condom
2) Hormonal Methods
Birth Control Pills
Chewable Birth Control Pill
3) IUDs (Intrauterine Devices)
4) Emergency Contraception
New Emergency Contraceptive Ella®
There is a new FDA approved chewable Birth Control Pill and its name is Femcon® Fe. This medication is made up of 0.4mg of norethindrone which is a progestin and 35mg of ethinyl estradiol which is the estrogen part. Femcon Fe is a small pill that has a spearmint flavor can be either chewed or swallowed (not recommended to just leave it in your month to dissolve) so long as you drink an 8 ounce drink afterwards. Clinical studies have shown that the Femcon Fe Pills are 92 to 99.7% effective when used properly. Femcon Fe works by releasing a combination of hormones into your body to help prevent ovulation.
There are several advantages that Femcon Fe has as a birth control.
- Provides less spotting or breakthrough bleeding in between periods.
- Once Femcon Fe is stopped, a woman's capability to become pregnant again returns (once it is out of ones system)
- Provides an excellent alternative for those having difficulty swallowing pills.
- It can help to regulate a woman's menstrual periods, lower the flow and lessen menstrual cramps.
In addition to these birth control related benefits, Femcon like other “Combination” birth control pills can offer other benefits such as decreased chances of developing:
- Ovarian cysts
- Excessive body hair
- Vaginal Dryness
- Acute Pelvic Inflammatory disease
- Cysts or lumps on the breasts
Some of the side effects that have been reported while taking this medication include, but are not necessarily limited to, are headaches, nausea, tender breasts, changes in mood, spotting between periods. There is however a low chance of side effects and many of them have been shown to disappear after two to three months while using this medication. For women taking Femcon Fe, there is a higher chance of developing gallbladder disease, high blood pressure, liver tumors and blood clots. Talk to your doctor about any concerns regarding these issues.
Femcon Fe is also not usually prescribed to women who have certain health issues related to heart attacks, strokes, blood clots, migraines, very high blood pressure, certain types of cancer, liver disease, or who are smokers. Always follow your physician's advice when taking any medication.
Visit the Reproductive Health Online website, sponsored by Johns Hopkins University for more information about reproductive health and birth control methods.
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